construction material

Building material is any material that can be used for construction purposes. Building materials are usually categorized into two sources: natural and manmade. Materials such as stone and wood are natural, and concrete, masonry, and steel are manmade. Here is a list of building materials that are commonly used in construction


Steel is a metal alloy of iron and carbon and often other alloying material in its composition to make it stronger and more fracture-resistant than iron. Stainless steels resist corrosion and oxidation because of the additional chromium in their make-up. Because it is so strong compared to its weight and size, structural engineers use it for the structural framework of tall modern buildings and large industrial facilities.

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Concrete is a composite material made of fine and coarse aggregate (think gravel, crushed stone, recycled concrete, and geosynthetic aggregates) bound together by a liquid binder such as cement that hardens or cures over time. Concrete can be poured into a form to take any shape and harden into a material similar to stone. It takes at least seven days to cure. Its versatility, cost, and strength make it the ideal material for a house foundation. Since it can carry a heavy load and withstand the forces from the surrounding environment, a concrete home foundation is common.


Wood has been used for thousands of years and has properties that make it an ideal building material. For construction use, wood pieces are machine planed and cut into standard dimensions. Wood in larger sizes is usually referred to as timber or beams and is often used to construct the frames of large structures like bridges and multi story buildings. Wood is readily available and an economical natural resource, is relatively lightweight and easy to standardize in size. It also, provides good insulation.

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Stone is the longest lasting building material.

Vari-ous stone types are best for different uses. For in-stance, slate is fire-resistant. Granite is one of the hardest stones and one of the most durable prod-ucts available.


The strongest and most commonly used masonry unit now is a concrete block, which may be reinforced with steel. Masonry is durable and fire-resistant. This method of construction is able to resist compression loads, which makes it a good material for load-bearing walls. Reinforced with concrete, or in combination with reinforced concrete, masonry can support multi-story buildings, and can be an economical choice.


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